Certain impairments can result in immediate qualification for disability. There are some serious impairments that the Social Security Administration has deemed automatic qualifiers for disability. List of 88 Impairments. This number may seem big but these impairments tend to be rare disorders that only afflict a very few people. Some examples are acute leukemia, gallbladder cancer, large intestine cancer, pancreatic cancer, liver cancer, etc. List of Impairment allowances.